The Indian Affairs collection contains correspondence and documents relating to Indian affairs in New Mexico during the Territorial Period. Most of the materials either originated in Santa Fe, or were sent to Santa Fe from Pueblos including Laguna, Cochiti, Isleta, Zia, Santa Ana, Sandia, San Felipe, Nambe, Jemez, Pojoaque, San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, Santo Domingo, and Taos. Thematically, land issues, specifically, boundary questions, predominate the collection. Controversies concerning water rights, livestock trespassing, and railroad right of ways (including issues between the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company and the Pueblos of Isleta and Santo Domingo) are documented via correspondence with Indian agents (N.C. Walpole, C.J. Crandall), legal petitions, original Spanish land grant documents (sometimes with English translations), records from the U.S. Court of Private Land Claims, and abstracts and translations from the archives of the Surveyor General of New Mexico. Complaints from various Pueblos and individuals concerning encroachments by Mexicans, other Indians, Italians, and Anglos form another significant part of the collection. A glimpse into the workings of the Indian schools, specifically, the Cochiti Day School, is seen through correspondence between the supervising teacher, the superintendent in Santa Fe, and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Washington D.C.
A finding aids to the Indian Affairs collection is available via the Rocky Mountain Online Archive.
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New Mexico's Digital Collections is funded in part by the Center for Regional Studies, University of New Mexico.